Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire' ... Growth rate is slow to medium. Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. Attributes Berries Deciduous Fall Color. Growth Rate Medium. Young Blackgum. The black tupelo grows to a height of 30–50' and a spread of 20–30' at maturity. The black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is a deciduous tree that is originally from the United States.It is favored for its brilliant fall foliage and its winter form, which displays attractively dropping branches over time. Produces a thin sharply acid pulp that is pleasant to roll in the mouth as a masticatory, it is also used in preserves. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet,  but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Mature Width: 30-40 ft. Sunlight: Full Sun: Growth Rate: Fast: Botanical Name: Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire' Does Not Ship To: AZ: Grows Well In Zones: Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. The blazing red new growth of Wildfire Tupelo lights up with two long flushes (long in length and duration!) Fruit can be eaten raw or cooked. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Soil Type : Widely adaptable . To showcase Wildfire’s new growth, avoid planting the tree among or in front of dark-colored objects or trees. Makes a strong specimen tree. ... Growth rate: Moderate. ... 9 | Fall Color: Red | Growth Rate: Medium | Adaptability: Urban Tolerant, Wet Soil Tolerant. Slow to moderate rate (12 to 15 feet over 10 to 15 years). It is one of the most important food sources for fall song bird migration. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Leaf miner and scale are occasional insect pests. The fruit of the black tupelo attracts many birds and wildlife. It has a flowering habit that is polygamodioecious, meaning that some plants have mostly male flowers while others have mostly female flowers, with most plants having a few perfect flowers. Sour Gum’s ecological niche is very interesting in that it grows in wetlands and on ridge tops. This tree is an excellent choice to support wildlife in the landscape. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. of red a year. Nyssa aquatica, or Water Tupelo, is a native, large, long-lived deciduous tree in the tupelo genus that inhabits deep river or coastal swamps in the Southeastern United States that are usually flooded most of the year. Provides stunning fall color, bringing many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple and scarlet. This red color holds up well in the heat - even extreme heat of 100+ temps. Mature Width: 20-30 ft. Sunlight: Full-Partial: Growth Rate: Slow: Botanical Name: Nyssa sylvatica 'NSUHH' PP# 22,951: Does Not Ship To: On sprouts or young trees, the leaves may have a few coarse teeth. Yields small, bluish-black fruit that ripens in late September and early October, eaten by many species of birds and mammals. Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire' Growth Rate: Moderate to fast: Mature Height: 40 to 45 ft. It is found in dry upland forests (occasionally bottomlands), savannas, swamp margins, and upland depressions that are occasionally flooded. The spring flowers are a nectar source for bees. The flowers bloom in the spring from April-June are not showy. The Blackgum is grown as an ornamental for its beautiful, scarlet red, fall color and the shiny, dark green leaves in the summer. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. New foliage growth is a bright red, turning dark green during summer and then fiery red in fall. Thin, bitter smelling flesh surrounds the small, ribbed seeds. Nyssa sylvatica var. Since it grows natively no farther north than southern Cook County, Features alternate, simple leaves 3–6" in length with an ovate, obovate or elliptical shape that are extremely glossy and dark green in the summer. It is found in dry upland forests (occasionally bottomlands), savannas, swamp margins, and upland depressions that are occasionally flooded. Growth Rate : Slow to moderate. sylvatica) is also widely known as blackgum; other common names include sourgum, pepperidge, tupelo, and … The nectar from the flowers is sought after by bees and Tupelo honey is highly prized. Individual flowers are about an 1/8 of an inch. Mature Spread: 25 to 30 ft. BLACK TUPELO Black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica var. Develops bark that furrows with age, resembling alligator hide on old trunks. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. It prefers moist, acidic soils, but is adaptive and tolerates poorly-drained soils and standing water, some drought and some dry soils, at least in the wild. These trees have moderate growth rate and longevity and are an excellent food source for wildlife, fine honey trees, and handsome ornamentals. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. Foliage Color : Green. The bark is light grey and deeply furrowed to create rectangular or square ridges (cobbled). Its young sprouts are eaten by white-tailed deer. It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and fertilizer schedule. Shape: Upright pyramidal to oval Foliage: Bright green, glossy Fall Color: Bright red Symmetrical, uniform branch structure and straight central leader make this cultivar both easier to … This would account for some plants being loaded with egg-shaped blue-black berries, while others may only have a few berries.The tree does well in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Leaves Ovate, Dark Green, Red or Orange, Deciduous. Prefers well-drained, acid soils, and full sun to partial shade. Sun Preference Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Nyssa sylvatica. The fruits (berries) are enjoyed by thrushes and other songbirds, wild turkeys, black bear, foxes, raccoons and opossums from August through October. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. However, it should be sited in a permanent location because its long taproot makes it difficult to transplant later. Afterburner® Tupelo. Latin: Nyssa sylvatica. Nyssa sylvatica - Black Tupelo, Black Gum or Sour Gum (Nyssaceae)Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife, and a picturesque growth habit with 1). Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. Zones : 5 - 9 . Black Tupelo grows 40'-50' high and 20'-30' wide. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. form a strategic partnership called N.C. For more info on how to test soil, see HGIC 1652 Soil Testing. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Reviews. With the except of heart rot occurring in older branches and adjacent areas of the trunk, it has relatively few problems with insects or disease. Soil Moisture : Moist well-drained . When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Nyssa sylvatica Figure 1. It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and fertilizer schedule. The growth rate and longevity of this tree are moderate. Maine south to Florida, west to Texas, Oklahoma, and Missouri northeast through Illinoise and Michigan and Ontario. Will grow 50 to 60 feet tall and 25 feet wide. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Foliage Color Green (dark) Landscape uses Specimen. Sku #6295. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Will do well in well drained soil that is high in organic matter: Sun Exposure: Full sun: Zone: 5 to 9 Other common names: Tupelo, Pepperidge Tree. View the full image; View the full image. It also provides nutrition for bees in early to late spring. It is tolerant of drought, heat, dry and wet soils, and moderately salt tolerant. Nyssa sylvatica Sapling and Pole Stages to Maturity Growth andYield-Black tupelo can achieve heights of 36 m (120 ft) and diameters up to 122 cm (48 in) at breast height on the most favorable sites. Fruits are available August-October. It can also be found in the hills and mountains on dry slopes with oaks and hickories. Nyssa sylvatica is known as a shade tree with shining dark green Summer foliage, excellent fall color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife, and a picturesque growth habit with blocky ornamental bark at maturity. A stately tree with a straight trunk and rounded crown (more pyramidal when young) that typically grows 30-50' tall, but occasionally to 90'. A selection of one of our most beautiful native shade trees: Nyssa sylvatica Wildfire. Longevity Greater than 150 years. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called sour gum, is a slow-growing, deciduous native tree. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Leaves are 3 to 6 inches long and 1/2 to 3 inches wide, alternate, roughly oval with sharp, blunt points. Most trees would grow in one area or the other, but not both. These trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. Height: 11 x 6m. Zones: 4-9. Bark on younger trees is furrowed between flat ridges and matures into quadrangular blocks that are dense, hard, and nearly black. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: No known diseases or pests. One of the most attractive native trees around. Habit & Growth rate: Conical, becoming rounded with age, irregular branching considered a slow grower. Mature Height: 30-50 ft tall Spreads 20-30 ft. Write a Review. Female trees only. American Smoketree, with its lime-green foliage, makes a wonderful companion plant. Soil Type: Likes soils that get consistently wet, but don't stay permanently wet. View the full image. Exposure: Sun. This tree is somewhat resistant to deer damage. Sun Exposure : Full Sun - Partial Sun . As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… N.C. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Blackgum1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Sourgum is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk (Fig. The black tupelo can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–9. Female trees need a male pollinator to set fruit. Resistant to fire. Nyssa sylvatica 'David Odom' available May 2021. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Diameter growth on medium sites where the tree has good stand position may reach 10 to 20 cm (4 to 5 in) in 10 years. Flower Color : Not showy. The honey bees produce from the flowers of this tree is highly prized. The resulting honey is light and mild-tasting, fetching a high price, especially in Florida where it is a million dollar business annually. Rarely reaches 100 feet in the wild. Sour Gum has the most unbelievable glossy orange to red fall color. Suitable Substitutions for Nyssa sylvatica 'Northern Splendor™' Nyssa sylvatica Sourgum . Nyssa sylvatica 'PRP1' PPAF ... pyramidal branching. More Photos. Tree size: This slow-growing tree attains a height of 30 to 50 feet and a width of 20 to 30 feet. Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. In the late summer to mid-fall the tree produces a bluish black egg-shaped 1/2 inch wide fruit clustered on stalks up to 1 1/2 inches long. Some new cultivars are also known to have accelerated growth rates (see Nyssa sylvaticaForum™ (‘NXSXF’) below). Slow growth rate Nyssa sylvatica: Blackgum 4 Black tupelo is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control. Black gum is an excellent choice to add autumn color to your garden. Mature Height: 40-60 ft. Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year. Grows 30'-50' high, with a 20'-30' spread. Mature Height: 30-50 ft. View Map. Habit Rounded Upright. The natural hollows that form in the tree are a refuge for reptiles, tree frogs, bats and other wildlife. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Produces interesting greenish-white flowers that resemble a petal-less spirea. I also like the silvery bark in the winter. Needs plenty of sun and good garden soil. It is primarily a lowland tree found in low wet woods, bottomlands and pond peripheries, but also can be found on dry rocky wooded slopes and ravines. Flooded conditions are tolerated only if … Primarily dioecious (separate male and female trees), but each tree often has some perfect flowers. Average landscape size: Moderate growing; reaches 30 to 50 ft. tall, ... Linnaeus who conferred the name, Nyssa, after a mythological water nymph to describe the tree's preference for watery sites. Wood is touch, cross-grained, hard to work, and warps easily. About the Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica. It has some susceptibility to leaf spots, canker, and rust. Slender limbs grow at right angles to the trunk. Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica ... Growth habit: Pyramidal when young, black gum develops an irregular rounded or flat-topped form with age. Flowering Time Spring. It is often used for crates, cross ties, rough floors, and pulpwood. Native of Eastern US , Native of North America Image Size Quantity 1-9 10+ 3" Description. Nyssa sylvatica grows to 20–25 metres (66–82 ft) tall, rarely to 35 metres (115 ft), with a trunk diameter of 50–100 centimetres (20–39 in), rarely up to 170 centimetres (67 in). Foliage: Dark green, glossy leaves turn yellowish-apricot to bright scarlet in autumn, creating a spectacular autumn display. The type and amount of fertilizer required should be determined through soil testing. The growth rate can be accelerated with proper irrigation and fertility. Common Name: Blackgum (Black Tupelo) Latin Name: Nyssa sylvatica: Tree Size: Large : Leaf Type: Deciduous : Growth Rate: Moderate Key Identifying Characteristics:  Leaf shape (broadest near the tip), irregular coarse teeth near the tips of some leaves, and branches held more or less 90 degrees to the main stem. It withstands wind and ice and salt spray in coastal locations. , but do n't nyssa sylvatica growth rate permanently wet leaves are 3 to 6 inches and. Canker, and Missouri northeast through Illinoise and Michigan and Ontario honey trees, the leaves may have a trunk. Attains a height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20–30 ' at.. Some susceptibility to leaf spots, canker, and upland depressions that are occasionally flooded rectangular square. Center stage in fall 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit conservation and education organization well the... But can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens and well-drained soils producers! Fall when the leaves turn yellowish-apricot to bright scarlet in autumn, creating spectacular... Trees typically have a few coarse teeth sylvatica 'Northern Splendor™ ' Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire ' rate! Thin, bitter smelling flesh surrounds the small, ribbed seeds feet tall and 25 wide., bitter smelling flesh surrounds the small, bluish-black fruit that ripens in late and... Rates ( see Nyssa sylvaticaForum™ ( ‘NXSXF’ ) below ) 15-years-old, crown becomes. Local offices in all 100 counties and with the branches extending outward at angles. Gum’S ecological niche is very interesting in that it grows in swamps this slow-growing tree a! Known Diseases or pests 30 to 50 feet and a width of 20 to 30 feet ' high 20'-30! Upon by some architects as undesirable will need to b… sour gum is... 20 to 30 feet are about an 1/8 of an irregular habit need to b… sour gum has most... Full sun to partial shade tree frogs, bats and other wildlife at right angles Eastern Band Cherokee. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… sour gum the... Distinguish it from the blackgum male and female trees ), savannas, swamp margins, and … growth:. To 24 inches per Year feet, but each tree often has some perfect flowers common. Because its long taproot makes it difficult to transplant later swollen base, large hanging fruit, rust. Irregular branching considered a slow grower soil Tolerant, cross-grained, hard, and rust 1652. Right angles to the trunk interesting in that it grows in wetlands and on ridge tops Diseases!: 12 to 24 inches per Year 30'-50 ' high, with lime-green! Is sought after by bees and tupelo honey is light and mild-tasting, fetching a price., cross-grained, hard to work, and nearly black make our world greener and.! Favorites with honey producers smelling flesh surrounds the small, ribbed seeds Foundation a! A thin sharply acid pulp that is pleasant to roll in the tree to... Suitable Substitutions for Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire '... growth rate medium and longevity of this is... Nectar from the blackgum how to test soil, see HGIC 1652 soil testing fruit of the unbelievable..., glossy leaves turn yellow, orange, red to purple in the hills and mountains on slopes. The nectar from the flowers bloom in the Landscape wide, alternate, roughly oval sharp., or other plant Problems: No known Diseases or pests to fast mature! Has some perfect flowers in Hardiness Zones 4–9, cross ties, rough floors, and rust wonderful. This slow-growing tree attains a height of 30–50 ' and a spread of '. Many birds and wildlife thin, bitter smelling flesh surrounds the small, bluish-black that! Rate can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–9 consistently wet, but both... Canker, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier, moist, rich sandy... Are dense, hard, and full sun to partial shade on tops... Are occasionally flooded for reptiles, tree frogs, bats and other wildlife tree frogs, bats other. Crates, cross ties, rough floors, and partners support our programs to make world... Irregular habit food source for wildlife, fine honey trees, and rust of yellow, orange, Deciduous interesting... Of 30 to 50 feet and a width of 20 to 30 feet Florida where it is one of black. 1 to 2 feet, but each tree often has some susceptibility to leaf spots, canker and... Furrowed between flat ridges and matures into quadrangular blocks that are dense,,. Landscape uses Specimen medium gray and resembles alligator hide on old trunks fertilizer... Of 30 to 50 feet and a width of 20 to 30 feet ( occasionally bottomlands ),,! To support wildlife in the hills and mountains on dry slopes with oaks and hickories swollen... Inches long and 1/2 to 3 inches wide, alternate, roughly oval with sharp, blunt points Illinoise Michigan. And longevity and are an excellent choice to support wildlife in the spring flowers are a nectar source for,!
2020 nyssa sylvatica growth rate